Samoyeds are great friends and playmates, but they aren't always easy to live with. If you're having some trouble with your pet, slow down, take a deep breath, and do your best to make a calm and rational assessment of the situation. Remember the reasons you chose a Samoyed in the first place - a fun-loving companion for outdoor adventures and indoor snoozing. Now, make a list of the problems you've encountered. Many of the common difficulties, which people and their pets encounter have some pretty straightforward solutions.
Does your dog have a major case of bad manners? Does he drag you all over when you go for a walk, jump up on visitors, develop acute deafness when you call "come", lounge on forbidden furniture, steal food from the counter? Well, these are all training problems and, with some time and effort on your part, can be fixed. Of course, it's easier to not let a dog develop these habits in the first place as opposed to having to help a dog "unlearn" a bad habit, but rest assured, you can teach an old dog new tricks! Besides, what makes you think that someone else wants to deal with a dog who jumps up on people, pulls on the leash, steals food, etc? Even if you do decide to give up your dog, his chances of being adopted will increase dramatically if he gets these problems under control. You're going to have to live with him in the meantime anyway, so why not reap the benefits (and rediscover why you got him in the first place!)
There are lots of places you can go for help. Your dog's breeder or the rescue group or shelter from which you adopted your dog will be able to offer advice, including training methods they have found effective, names of training manuals and videos and, if they live in your area, referrals to trainers. You can also visit our Training and Behavior section for some information on dealing with some of the most common problems people encounter. Your vet may also be able to make some suggestions, particularly about local trainers. A good trainer can be a lifesaver. At the very least, you and your Sam should enroll in group classes, where you will learn how to teach your pet some basic obedience skills. If your Samoyed's misbehaviour is a bit more challenging, you may wish to hire a private trainer, who will evaluate your dog in your home, and then help you to implement training ideas designed specifically to deal with your dog's problems. Finally, there are many excellent books and videos available. Read/view as many as possible - you will learn a lot about canine behaviour and training, and will increase your chances of finding training methods which will work for you and your dog.
Retraining a rowdy teenager or young adult is not an easy task but is one which can be accomplished, with dedication, patience and persistence. Give yourself some time (at least two months) and set some reasonable goals. Then, make a real commitment to your pet and work with him to accomplish those goals. At first, your progress may seem slow, but Samoyeds are intelligent, fun-loving dogs, so if you make learning fun for your Samoyed, he will begin to enjoy his education and you will be rewarded with a well-mannered companion.
Is your house covered in white hair? Well, nobody's invented a hairless Samoyed, and shaving your pet is not an option - he needs his coat to protect him from the elements, both cold and hot! Still, a bit of regular grooming can minimize the amount of hair that finds its way onto your floors, furniture, and clothing.
Every Samoyed should be groomed once a week. This includes brushing teeth, trimming toenails, cleaning ears and combing the coat. It takes only about half an hour each week to keep your Samoyed well groomed. If your pet is fidgety about being groomed, you may wish to invest in a grooming table, with an arm and a noose. Most dogs get accustomed to this set-up fairly quickly - some always make a beeline for the table, because they know there's a treat or two waiting for them at the end of each session. You can groom your dog outside (with or without a table), to cut down on the amount of loose hair in the house. When your dog is blowing his undercoat, you may want to give him a quick comb-out every day or two - it only takes a few minutes and really helps to reduce the amount of hair in your house.
Does your Samoyed dig, chew, bark or howl? These destructive behaviours are all indicative of boredom and/or loneliness. If your dog is forced to spend long hours alone, with no way of passing the time, he will find things to do - none of them desirable! Dogs, and especially Samoyeds, are social animals and, although they can adapt to spending part of their day alone, they thrive on contact and interaction. The solution may be as simple as allowing your dog to just "be" with you more - spend time with him whenever you're at home, let him sleep in your bedroom at night, spend some time playing fetch or taking him for a long walk, teach him tricks or obedience commands and make a game out of practicing them. Some owners may consider getting another dog, for their dog. While two dogs will provide companionship for each other, they are twice as much work, and cost, for you. Be very sure that you are willing and able to accept this extra responsibility before you acquire a second pet. And remember that both of your pets should live as part of the family as much as possible.
If your dog is destroying your house, part of the problem may be that you have expected too much of him, too soon. Your dog should have a safe place to call his own while you're out during the day. Crate training your dog is a great way to ensure that both he and your possessions are safe until he has the maturity to be left free in the house. Leave a radio playing for him, and provide some safe distractions with which he can entertain himself while you are out. Most of the time, he'll simply sleep the day away.
Do not have unreasonable expectations about how long he can stay in without relieving himself - an older dog will be okay for the whole work day, but a younger dog will not. The general rule is that the maximum a dog can hold it for the same number of hours as he is old in months plus one -- in other words, a three-month old dog can hold it for a maximum of four hours. Try to arrange to come home at noon hour, at least until your pup's a bit older, or to have a neighbour or pet sitter let him out halfway through the day.
There are numerous toys you can provide so your Samoyed can amuse himself while you're at work and school. One of our favorites is the Kong (which can be stuffed with goodies - potentially fattening, but definitely entertaining). Your pet may enjoy a ball, or he may prefer a Buster Cubel (a cube, which you fill with part of his daily ration of kibble - as he plays with the cube, the kibble, falls out piece by piece). Experiment a bit - see what your dog likes and, equally importantly, what he can play with safely, unsupervised. There is no such thing as an "indestructible, 100% safe" dog toy (although if given the appropriate size and toughness, Kongs are pretty close) - anything plastic can break, and be swallowed, some dogs choke on rawhide, soft toys and anything small enough to be swallowed can be ingested, bones can splinter. Each dog is an individual, but you should be able to find some toys which your dog can enjoy safely in your absence. Finally, don't overwhelm your Samoyedl with all of his toys at one time - rotate them, so he has a bit of variety.
Barking is a more difficult problem to deal with, partly because it affects your neighbours, and partly because it usually happens when you're not at home. However, it is possible to deal with this problem, by providing entertainment as outlined above, and by retraining. One quick way to decrease the amount of nuisance barking is to increase the dog's exercise -- afterall, a tired dog is more likely to sleep than to spend his time barking!
Are you moving somewhere your dog won't be welcome? Occasionally, people will need to place their dog in a new home because they are moving, permanently or temporarily, to a place where their dog cannot accompany them. It can, however, be possible to manage the move, and keep your dog. There are pet-friendly rental options in every location, if you take the time to look. Check out the Pets Welcome website to get started. In addition, we've found that often landlords will accept pets if you can demonstrate to them that your Samoyed is a well-mannered pet, who poses no risk either to the landlord's property or the community. If your pet is well groomed, in good health, spayed or neutered, obedience trained and crate trained, landlords may be willing to consider renting to you. Show your potential landlord your dog's graduation certificate from obedience classes, or his Canine Good Citizen certification, any obedience titles he's earned, etc. and see what you can arrange.
Some people think their dog won't be happy if they are moving into a new area/type of living arrangement (e.g. moving from suburbs or a rural area to the city), but dogs can make the move to town, as long as you're willing to help them through a period of adjustment, as they become accustomed to the sights and sounds in their new community. And believe us, they will be a whole lot happier going through that with someone they know and love than they would having to adjust to a new home with strangers!! Let them get used to new things slowly, and try to make each new experience positive. Generous use of food treats during this transition period will help your dog learn that this new place has a lot going for it! Exercise will have to be a bit more structured, but you will be able to find safe places to walk, jog, bicycle, and rollerblade... with your Samoyed. You may even have better access to organized sports, like agility, flyball, or competitive obedience/rally obedience, so there may be lots of new adventures for you to share with your Samoyed.
Some families may find themselves in a situation where they will be unable to look after their dog for several months (e.g., armed forces assignment). Long term boarding is an excellent option in this type of situation. Your dog's breeder may be able to board your pet for several months, or they may be able to refer you to a kennel where long-term boarders are accepted. The cost is usually quite reasonable and, best of all, when you come home again, your Samoyed is there to welcome you. This type of arrangement does not seem to be any harder on the dog than placing him in a new home would be - we know of dogs who have been boarded for nearly two years, and then settled right back into their family.
Is your dog having trouble adjusting to a new, blended family? Blending two families is a difficult task at the best of times, and adding pets to the equation can complicate things even more. You may be trying to integrate pets from each side of the new family, or, if only one of the families has a pet, someone on the other side may be allergic to your dog (not likely with a Samoyed, luckily!) or afraid of the pet. In the case of allergies, severe fears, or dueling animals who just won't learn to be friends, it is probably best to find new, loving homes for all of the animals. However, if all members of the new family are committed to keeping the pet(s), there are some steps you can try. First, introduce animals to each other on neutral territory. Keep the meeting as relaxed and casual as possible (animals will pick up on your tension), and don't force the issue. If the first meeting is successful, gradually increase the time and freedom the pets have together. However, if the meeting doesn't go well, we strongly recommend enlisting the services of a professional trainer or behaviour specialist.
One member of the new family may be afraid of dogs. Both children and adults can work to overcome their fears. Have them spend time with you and the dog, in a structured setting. Take it slow -- this is a destination, not a race, so there's no time limit. Attending an obedience class together can be a good start. As they become more comfortable, have the person who is getting over their fear assume responsibility for more of the dog's care - especially feeding and exercise. Make their shared experiences fun and relaxing and, above all, do not force them to progress too quickly or ask them to do anything with the dog which may elicit a negative response from the critter (e.g., toenail clipping).
If the dog is accustomed to being part of a one-dog/one human family, he may become jealous of the new people in his family. If this is the case, proceed much as you would if helping a person overcome their fear of the dog. The new family member(s) should assume responsibility for feeding and exercising the dog. Have them spend lots of time playing with and lavishing affection on the green-eyed monster and, in time, the pet should come around. You may also want to consider placing the dog on a Nothing In Life Is Free (NILIF) program to help remind him of his place in the pack order.
With patience and perseverance, many of the problems faced by pets in blended families can be resolved.
Does your dog need more exercise than you can provide?
First, everyone in the family who is physically able to handle the dog should share in exercising him. If there are two adults and one teenager in the family who can share the task, and the dog needs to be exercised twice each day, that's just under five sessions per week each. Make a schedule, and stick to it.
Try to choose a variety of activities - this will lessen the sense of boredom and routine for both of you, and will provide a varied workout. Enjoy leisurely walks, fast-paced runs, roller blading or bike rides, go hiking or swimming, you could learn to skijor on cross country ski trails, or train your dog for competitive weight pulling or dog agility. Practice his obedience training or teach him some new tricks to help tire him out mentally... The main thing is to get out and have fun with your dog - afterall, isn't that one of the reasons you got him in the first place? And remember, well-exercised Sams tend to be healthier, and are often better-behaved companions than dogs who are not given a suitable outlet for their energy.
Has your Samoyed demonstrated serious behaviour and/or temperament problems? Luckily, our breed is usually well-tempered and even. However, it's a sad fact that some Samoyeds can/do demonstrate aggressive behaviour towards people, and may even be biters. This is a heartbreaking problem to have to face. Often the aggressive behaviour is learned - the result of improper training techniques, or no training at all. Occasionally there may also be a genetic basis for poor temperament which is why we encourage anyone who is thinking of breeding their dog to read more about Responsible Breeding. Rehabing a Samoyed with biting/aggression problems *may* be possible, but it is not easy and will take commitment, patience and expertise, which many pet owners simply do not possess. These dogs also require a very structured, predictable environment - often they are at highest risk of biting when faced with unusual or confusing situations. If you want to pursue this route, we strongly recommend working with a professional trainer experienced in such matters. A good place to start in finding one is through the Association of Pet Dog Trainers.
The first step in rehabbing an aggressive dog should be a trip to your vet. She will examine your pet to ensure that there is not a physical cause for his aggression. If your pet has not been spayed or neutered, this should be done -- afterall, it would be irresponsible to breed a Samoyed with a questionable temperament! Spaying/neutering may also help decrease the unwanted behaviors. Another test that the vet should run is a 6-panel thyroid test as there is a growing body of evidence connecting low or even low-normal thyroid levels with aggressive behaviors. It may be that a simply regimen of thyroid medication will greatly decrease or even eliminate the aggressive behaviors. These potential medical causes should always be ruled out before making any decisions on the best course of action for you and your dog.
There are also excellent books and videos available. Read and learn as much as you can, but we must caution you against trying to retrain your dog on your own - aggressive behaviour is very serious and dangerous, and you must obtain professional help to deal with it.
Be prepared to spend months working with your dog - after all, he did not become aggressive overnight, and it's going to take even longer to retrain him. Patience, commitment and consistency are essential. Owners will often feel so encouraged when their dog starts to make some progress, that they speed up the training to a level the dog cannot sustain, resulting in serious setbacks. Slow and steady progress is much more reliable, and stands more chance of being lasting.
Finally, be prepared for failure. Each case of aggression is different, but it is very often difficult to rehabilitate a truly aggressive dog to the point that he can function safely as an active member of your family and community. Ultimately, all dog owners have a responsibility to ensure that their pets do not pose an undue risk to their families and the communities in which they live. We also have a responsibility to provide our pets with a good quality of life. If you are unable to do both of these things, and have to seriously curtail your dog's activities because you live in constant fear that he may attack a family member, a friend, the paper boy, your neighbour's child, delivery people or your letter carrier, and none of your efforts at retaining are able to calm that fear, then you may have to consider euthanizing your dog. Reaching this decision is heartwrenching, but there are situations when euthanasia is the only sane, safe and humane choice to make. Trying to place your dog in a new home, or surrendering him to a shelter or rescue group are, to put it bluntly, the coward's way out of this type of dilemma. Your dog's behaviour will not change miraculously in a new environment. If anything, the stress and upheaval associated with a move may exacerbate his aggressive tendencies. In any case, it is irresponsible to expect someone else to take on your problem. And face it, who in their right mind is going to adopt a dog with known aggressive tendencies? Hundreds of thousands of healthy, friendly, well-mannered dogs are killed each year simply because nobody wants them. As difficult as it is to find good homes for all the sound dogs who are homeless, it is virtually impossible to find new owners with the necessary experience, and the desire, to take on an aggressive dog.
Along with our ethical responsibility to our families and communities, consider also the potential legal consequences of keeping a known biter, or of placing one in a new home or with a shelter or rescue group. Damage awards in cases of unprovoked aggression can be staggering, and be assured that surrendering a known aggressive dog to a shelter or rescue group does not relieve you of legal liability in the event the dog attacks someone.
Euthanasia is a difficult choice, even when a dog is terminally ill. It is important for us to accept the fact that aggressive dogs are indeed ill. Their illness puts people around them at risk, it curtails their freedom and ability to enjoy a satisfying life and it puts them at risk of being apprehended and put to death by strangers. Choosing to end their lives humanely, in the company of people who care about them is ultimately the only completely safe way of dealing with aggressive dogs and, in many cases, is the best choice for all concerned.
As you can see, there are positive solutions for the vast majority of problems faced by Samoyed owners. True, there will always be a tiny handful of cases where euthanasia remains the safest option for all concerned. However, dedicated owners who are prepared to make a reasonable commitment to their dog (perhaps with the help of a professional trainer) will find that they can happily resolve just about any difficulty they may face. And believe us, Samoyeds are worth it!
If you've read everything so far, have truly given these suggestions a try, and are still looking to surrender your Samoyed, please click here.
Special thanks to the Alaskan Malamute Help League for the backbone for this page.